Health, housing tenure, and entrapment 2001-2011: Does changing tenure and address improve health?
Gould, M. & Shuttleworth, I. (2014) BSPS Annual Conference 2014, Univ of Winchester, 8 - 10 September 2014. [NILS]
There is considerable academic literature on the inter-relationships between: housing tenure, health, and wider dimensions of social well-being measured at both the individual and area level (e.g. Marmot, 2010; Macintyre et al, 2002). Some academics have also considered the concepts of housing entrapment and selective placement (Smith & Easterlow, 2005). Indeed there is considerable political and policy debates about how health, housing tenure and economic status reduce/(re)produce social-spatial mobility patterns. This paper seeks to contribute to this research area by explicitly exploring the relationships between changing health and housing tenure status, and also spatial mobility between 2001 and 2011 using the Northern Ireland Longitudinal Study. A particular focus will be on the extent to which different tenure trajectories (e.g. movements from social rented to owner occupied housing) are associated with changes in health status, and how these are linked to different types of place. The analysis presented will describe different observed transitions (e.g. particularly changes in individuals’ limiting long-term illness and general health, 2001-2011). Following this, multilevel analysis (Gould & Jones, 1996) will be undertaken to determine individual and areal-level factors associated with changing housing tenure and health status. In doing so the paper will examine a selection of other key variables such as gender, age, social economic status (SES), education, and community background, 2001-2011. The paper will also explore relationships between the new chronic illness question included in the 2001 Northern Ireland Census and its interrelationships with housing tenure change (2001-2011).