Timing of fertility among migrants to England and Wales, 2001-2011
Robards, J.W. (2014) BSPS Annual Conference 2014, Univ of Winchester, 8 - 10 September 2014. [ONS LS]
The fertility of migrants to England and Wales has been of interest to demographers because of the possible contribution of this group to the increase in the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) from 1.6 in 2001 to 1.9 in 2011 (ONS, 2013; Robards, 2013). Migration and fertility have been considered as interrelated events and their interrelation of increasing importance in Europe (Sobotka, 2008). In other European contexts an elevated level of fertility has been observed among migrants to the host country (Toulemon, 2004; Andersson, 2004). There are three main ways in which migrants can impact on fertility in the destination country (Robards, 2013). In the UK research on the timing of fertility among migrants has been limited because of a lack of accurate data on the date of migration (Robards, 2012; Robards et al., 2013). The 2011 Census has provided a suitable denominator, enabling the Office for National Statistics to report the TFR for women in the UK by country of birth (Dormon, 2014). At the 2011 Census non-UK born respondents were asked the month and year of first residence in the UK, information not previously available for recent migrants (Robards et al., 2013). This research uses the new 2011 Census data in the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Longitudinal Study (LS) to present results on the fertility of migrants before and after migration to England and Wales (2001-2011). In so doing it identifies fertility in relation to the migration event for the first time using 2011 Census data.
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Output from project: 0301060