Zuccotti, C.V. (2016) Population Association of America 2016 Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. 31 March - 2 April 2016 [ONS LS]
Other information: Abstract:
Using the ONS Longitudinal Study (1971-2011) in combination with aggregated Census data, the paper tests contrasting theories of neighbourhood attainment among ethnic minorities and white British in England and Wales: spatial assimilation, place stratification and ethnic enclave. In practice, it studies whether all ethnic groups have the same probabilities of residing in 'whiter' (and less deprived) areas, given equality of conditions.
I find that ethnic minorities with more cultural and socio-economic resources manage to reside in 'whiter' areas, approaching the neighbourhood attainment of white British with similar characteristics. However, considerable ethnic penalties prevail for those with fewer resources and for Pakistani and Bangladeshi populations. Hence, although there is evidence of spatial assimilation, the fact that ‘equality of conditions’ does not always lead to ‘equality of neighbourhood attainment’, points to processes of place stratification and ethnic enclave taking place. A proposal is further made to distinguish between the latter two models.