Migration and social mobility in English provincial cities
Champion, T. & Coombes, M. (2009) BSPS Annual Conference, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK, 9 - 11 September 2009 [ONS LS]
In his 'escalator region' studies of a large sample of linked census records (1971-1981-1991), Fielding demonstrated that the prospects of occupational advancement were generally much better in South East England than in other regions and, in addition, that those migrating to the South East achieved more rapid progress than the region's longer-term residents. This paper reports on the initial results of a study being carried out for the ESRC's Spatial Economics Research Centre which also uses data from the ONS Longitudinal Study of England and Wales but looks at the most recent intercensal period (1991-2001), as well as shifting the geographical focus from the regional to the labour market scale. In addition, the emphasis here is on comparing London with major provincial cities of England and Wales: this is done by using the cities' official labour markets area definitions, Travel to Work Areas (TTWAs). The analysis initially compares the socio-occupational transitions of people who moved into each city TTWA between 1991 and 2001 with those of 'stayers' (ie. the people who were recorded as living in the same TTWA in both those censuses). The provincial cities included in this study are Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield. Rates of social transition 1991-2001 in London provide the 'bench-mark' against which to compare those of the provincial cities, both in aggregate and individually (as far as sample size and disclosure rules permit).