Data linkage of the 1947 Scottish Mental Survey with administrative data: Exploring the role of cognitive ability on social and spatial mobility, and subsequent health outcomes

Forrest, L. (2016) Cognitive ageing journal club, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, UK, 7 November 2016 [SLS]

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Abstract:

To determine the drivers of social and spatial mobility and the relationship between social and geographic mobility and health outcomes and premature mortality in later life, the 1947 Scottish Mental Survey (a 1936 birth cohort with age 11 cognitive ability test scores) was linked to the Scottish Longitudinal Study, and census data. The patterns of inter-generational social and geographical mobility of this cohort, and how this relates to their cognitive ability, were explored. To determine whether Edinburgh may operate as escalator’ region we examined the movement between three geographical areas in Scotland. We also modelled the relationship between social and geographic mobility and health outcomes in later life.

Glasgow’s life expectancy is lower than other Scottish cities and comparable English cities. As this is not entirely explained by the high levels of deprivation, a number of theories have been suggested, including that of selective migration, where the upwardly mobile move out of Glasgow, leaving behind those who are more deprived and less healthy. Further research will explore the impact of social mobility and migration to Scottish New Towns on health inequalities and premature mortality in Glasgow using 1947 SMS data, again examining the role of cognitive ability.

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Output from project: 2015_003

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