Champion, T. & Shuttleworth, I. (2016) Population, Space and Place 23,(3), [ONS LS]
Other information: Abstract:
Expectations of migration and mobility steadily increasing in the longer term, which have a long currency in migration theory and related social science, are at odds with the latest US research showing a marked decline in internal migration rates. This paper reports the results of research that investigates whether England and Wales have experienced any similar change in recent decades. Using the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study of linked census records, it examines the evidence provided by its 10‐year migration indicator, with particular attention to a comparison of the first and latest decades available, 1971–1981 and 2001–2011. This suggests that, as in the US, there has been a marked reduction in the level of shorter‐distance (less than 10 km) moving that has involved almost all types of people. In contrast to this and to US experience, however, the propensity of people to make longer‐distance address changes between decennial censuses has declined much less, largely corroborating the results of a companion study tracking the annual trend in rates of between‐area migration since the 1970s (Champion T, Shuttleworth I. 2016. Is internal migration slowing? An analysis of the annual record for England and Wales since the 1970s. Population, Space and Place. DOI:10.1002/psp.2024).